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Green Obsidian At White Flame Company we are blessed to have a wonderful selection of Green Obsidian. True Green Obsidian is quite rare and often what is sold as Green Obsidian is merely green.
Apollo 15 yellow-brown glass is one of twenty-five, high-Mg, primary magmas emplaced on the lunar surface in pyroclastic eruptions. Forty spherules of this glass were individually analyzed by electron microprobe and INAA for major- and trace-elements ( e.g. Sc, V, Cr, Co, La, Ce, Nd, Sm, Eu, Ho, Tm, Yb, Lu, Hf, Ta, and U). The abundances demonstrate that this primary magma was produced by partial melting of differentiated cumulates in the lunar mantle. Models are developed to explain the possible source-regions of several Apollo 15 and Apollo 12 low-Ti mare magmas as being products of hybridization involving three ancient differentiated components of a primordial lunar magma ocean: (a) early olivine ± orthopyroxene cumulates; (b) late-stage clinopyroxene + pigeonite + ilmenite + plagioclase cumulates; and (c) late-stage inter-cumulus liquid. Isotopic constraints on Sm-Nd fractionation and least-squares tests of potential mixing models require models of Apollo 15 yellow-brown glass, and Apollo 12 and 15 olivine mare basalts, involving low F ~3% cumulate remelting of sources in which olivine and orthopyroxene are residual phases. Models of the Apollo 15 green glass composition indicate higher (~4-7%) degrees of melting, but with only a slight preference for orthopyroxene-rich relative to orthopyroxene -free sources. The modeled dependence on residual orthopyroxene in mare source regions places source depths at ~400 km or greater in order to maintain olivine and orthopyroxene on the liquidus. Hybridization at such depths would likely result from convective overturn of the primordial magma ocean and suggests that separate fractionating masses were positioned at various depths. Our models for developing hybridized source regions of primary low-Ti mare magmas do not require selective contamination of primary liquids. The preferred model for Apollo 15 yellow-brown glass is presented as the commingling of 95% early cumulate olivine + orthopyroxene, 1.9% clinopyroxene, 0.27% pigeonite, 1.7% plagioclase, 0.02% ilmenite, and 0.56% trapped liquid. Respective proportions for the Apollo 15 olivine mare basalt source model are 98.5%, 0.37%, 0%, 0.79%, 0.16%, and 0.13%; and the proportions used for the preferred Apollo 12 olivine mare basalt model are 97.6%, 0.73%, 0.24%, 0.77%, 0.42%, and 0.21%. Our preferred model for the green glass source composition ( F = 0.07) requires the commingling of 97.4% early olivine + orthopyroxene, 0.18% clinopyroxene, 1.32% pigeonite, 0.85% plagioclase, and 0.28% trapped liquid.